HTML is the standard language for creating websites. It is often linked up with other languages and frameworks to make a complete website, but this is where you start.
- HTML stands for Hyper Text Markup Language
- HTML describes the structure of a website to search engines and browsers using markup
- HTML elements are the building blocks of any webpage
- HTML elements are represented with numerous tags
- HTML tags outline section of content such as paragraphs, headings, tables and buttons
- A browser will not display HTML tags but will instead render the content to a screen in readable formats
Basic HTML Example
<title>My First WebPage</title>
<h1>My First Heading</h1>
<p>My first paragraph.</p>
Explanation of HTML example
|<!DOCTYPE html>||This defines the document to be HTML5. Declaring the correct doctype is important as we will find out in later tutorials.|
|<html>||This element is to main element of any webpage which will contain all other elements|
|<head>||The head element contains all of the meta information for a webpage|
|<title>||The title element specifies the title of the webpage|
|<body>||The body tag contains the visible elements of your webpage|
|<h1>||The h1 tag is for Heading 1. This is the largest of the headings and should be the main heading to your webpages|
|<p>||The paragraph tag is used to display a simple paragraph in your webpage|
Tags in HTML are element names surrounded by angle brackets
HTML tags normally come in pairs. One to open the tag and one to close the tag.
<p> and </p>
The first tag is the start tag, the second is the closing tag. The closing/end tag is written exactly as the start tag but with an added forward slash.